• the effects of multifunctional additive and vulcanization systems

    The effects of multifunctional additive and vulcanization systems

    The concentration effects of multifunctional additive (MFA) and vulcanization systems on silica filled epoxidized natural rubber (ENR 25) was investigated in the concentration range 0–7.5 phr. Three vulcanization systems were used; conventional vulcanization (CV), semi-efficient vulcanization (semi-EV) and efficient vulcanization (EV).

  • vulcanisation accelerator biomonitoring: urinary levels of 2

    Vulcanisation accelerator biomonitoring: Urinary levels of 2

    Natural rubber has to undergo a series of processes to improve its properties to make it suitable for the myriad of products into which it is made. One process is vulcanisation, during which sulphur is added to improve the tensile strength, elasticity, abrasion resistance and swelling resistance.

  • vulcanization


    Vulcanization (British: vulcanisation) is a chemical process, invented by Charles Goodyear, used to harden rubber. Vulcanization traditionally referred to the treatment of natural rubber with sulfur and this remains the most common example, however the term has also grown to include the hardening of other (synthetic) rubbers via various means.

  • activator from sugar cane as a green alternative to conventional

    Activator from sugar cane as a green alternative to conventional

    According to de Sousa (2016), the current trend to replace the traditional additives by others from renewable sources can influence the vulcanization of natural rubber (NR). Therefore, the influence of the change in additives on the vulcanization reaction is an objective of this study.

  • vulcanization & accelerators

    Vulcanization & Accelerators

    Vulcanization & Accelerators Vulcanization is a cross linking process in which individual molecules of rubber (polymer) are converted into a three dimensional network of interconnected (polymer) chains through chemical cross links(of sulfur). The vulcanization process was discovered in 1839 and the individuals responsible for this discovery were

  • thermoplastic elastomer compounds | translucent sebs compounds

    Thermoplastic Elastomer Compounds | Translucent SEBS Compounds

    Thermoplastic Elastomers Compounds Thermoplastic Elastomers: Thermoplastic elastomers are flexible and high molecular materials that exhibit features of vulcanized rubber at normal temperature and plastics when heated. They can always be heated and reformed. This property of thermoplastic elastomers helps in easy processing, designing and

  • accelerators­and­ accelerator­systems­

    accelerators­and­ accelerator­systems­

    crosslinks. Surely, sulfur curing could benefit from the use of any additive which would accelerate the formation of crosslinks. An accelerator is defined as the chemical added into a rubber compound to increase the speed of vulcanization and to permit vulcanization to proceed at lower temperature and with greater efficiency. Over 150 different

  • global rubber additives market- market share and ... - occams research

    Global Rubber Additives Market- Market share and ... - Occams Research

    The global rubber additives market has been expected to grow at the CAGR of 7.2% and will contribute $5600 million till 2022. Rubber is a flexible polymer used in number of diversified applications.

  • rubber - additives | britannica

    Rubber - Additives | Britannica

    Rubber - Rubber - Additives: A number of ingredients are added to both natural and synthetic rubber in order to obtain certain desirable properties. By convention, mix formulations begin with the amount of the designated elastomer—for instance, natural rubber (NR), butadiene rubber (BR), or styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR)—given as 100 parts by weight. The amount of each other ingredient is

  • devulcanization - virgin rubber alternative


    Increased flexibility in production of high-quality rubber end products and overall competitiveness in rubber industry. Decrease in business risk for companies in the rubber industry by eliminating the dependency on oil (used to produce synthetic rubber) and saving rubber trees (needed for extraction of natural rubber). Quick return on investments.

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